Portable laser marking machine, how to solve the burr of carbon steel plate
In the case of burrs, it may be that the lens is dirty. The lens is clean at the beginning, so there is no problem in cutting it, but the lens at the back is dirty, so there is a burr. But the fundamental reason is that the air is used as auxiliary air, the air is not clean, and there is oil and water. In this case, it is necessary to add water and oil removal equipment at the rear end of the air compressor to ensure the normal operation of the cutting operation. To remove water is to add a cold dryer, and to remove oil is to add back-end oil removal equipment. The compressed air treated in this way not only ensures the normal operation of the cutting operation, but also protects the laser cutting equipment, and also prolongs the service cycle of the lens and the maintenance cycle of the laser cutting equipment. At the same time, it avoids the problem of lens contamination caused by oil and water, which will cause more damage to the laser equipment.
When the laser cutting machine is cutting, as long as it is operated in the correct way, there will generally be no problems, and the cutting effect is also very good. However, if you have some burrs when using the laser cutting machine for cutting, you need to pay attention to it. It is best to find out the specific reasons and solve them in time.
Laser cutting machines are already common in sheet metal processing. Due to their high work efficiency and high quality of finished product cutting, laser cutting machines have become standard in sheet metal processing stations. However, when some customers use the laser cutting machine, there are many burrs in the cut workpiece. Many people think that it is a quality problem of the laser cutting machine product, but it is not the case.
In the process of sheet metal processing, the gas purity and parameter settings of the laser cutting machine will affect the processing quality, equipment + gas + parameters, adjusted to the best, and cut out The workpiece is free of burrs.
How does the glitch occur?
In fact, burrs are excessive residue particles on the surface of metal materials. When the laser cutting machine is processing the workpiece, the energy generated by the laser beam irradiating the surface of the workpiece vaporizes and evaporates the surface of the workpiece to achieve the purpose of cutting. But there is one device here that we want to focus on, and that is gas.
The gas is to blow off the slag on the surface of the workpiece after the irradiated surface of the workpiece is vaporized. If no gas is used, after the slag is cooled, burrs will be formed on the cut surface. Therefore, the purity of the gas should be high, and you can change to a gas supplier with a higher quality. The purity of the gas is very important. Do not use cylinder gas, because after two fillings, the purity is not good, and the gas is wasted.
Another reason is the quality of the equipment itself, as well as the parameter setting factor, so when customers buy a laser cutting machine, they should let experienced operators debug good equipment. Therefore, it is necessary to adjust the cutting parameters as best as possible. The cutting speed of air pressure, flow, focal length, etc., needs to be adjusted many times. The parameters provided by the machine cannot cut high-quality workpieces.
If a material has burrs, then the material can be qualitatively defective. The more burrs, the lower the quality. Specifically, laser cutting machine When a burr occurs, it can be checked and solved from the following aspects.
1. The upper and lower positions of the focal point of the beam are deviated.
Solution: Adjust the position of the focus according to the offset position it produces.
2. The output power of the laser cutting machine is not enough.
Solution: Check whether the laser cutting machine is working normally. If it is not normal, it needs to be repaired and maintained in time. If it is normal, check whether the output value is correct.
3. The wire cutting speed of the cutting machine is too slow.
Solution: adjust the wire cutting speed in time.
4. The purity of the gas of the cutting machine is not enough.
Solution: Change the gas.
5. The laser beam of the cutting machine is offset.
Solution: debug the focus and adjust it in time
6. The laser cutting machine operates for too long and the resulting instability.
Workaround: Turn off the machine and restart it and let the machine rest.
Water removal is relatively simple and low cost, but oil removal is relatively complicated. Catalytic oxidation oil removal can be understood, providing 0-level oil-free solution and low cost.
It is recommended to check the laser beam focus or cutting speed. If the cutting line speed of the laser cutting machine is too slow, it will damage the surface quality of the cutting surface and cause burrs. Or replace the auxiliary gas with a higher purity. At the same time, the working time of the laser cutting machine is too long, so that the unstable working state of the equipment will also lead to the generation of burrs.
1. First, check whether there is any problem with the laser output, and whether the light spot is very round (the circle indicates that the lateral distribution of the laser energy is uniform, and it is formed after passing through the lens. The energy distribution of the light spot is also more uniform. The cutting quality is good)
2. Check whether the lens is dirty during the laser transmission process, or whether the lens is dirty, the lens Whether there are small cracks that are not easy to see with the naked eye, these will affect the transmission of laser power.
3. Only after the above two points have been checked can it be determined whether the laser itself is in good condition. Only after that is the adjustment of process parameters.